Aspirin is a very common medicine that is used to treat inflammation, fever, and pain. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is used to give relief from pain, to reduce fever and for inflammation of muscles.
Aspirin is found in plants in the form of salicylate. Heart patients can also use this medicine because it reduces clot formation. It is an anti-platelet drug that can reduce clotting. This medicine is often given to stroke patients. It is used as a painkiller to reduce body ache, toothache, and headache.
Aspirin is available in many forms such as,
- Tablets: You can take these with water.
- Soluble tablets: You can dissolve these tablets in water. This kind of medicine is for those who cannot take tablets.
- Gel: Aspirin also comes in gel form. This form is available for animal use as well. Some products are available to treat some oral problems in humans.
- RectalSuppository: Suppositories are also available. These are taken from the rectum.
Uses of Aspirin
Aspirin can treat the following diseases or problems.
- Pain: Aspirin can give relief from pain.
- Inflammations: It can also treat swollen and reddened body parts.
- Fever: This medicine can also reduce fever.
- Stroke and Heart Attack: Aspirin can reduce the risk of heart attack and a specific type of stroke.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: In this disease, the patient feels joints pain and has swollen joints.
Precautions Before Using Aspirin
Aspirin is not suitable in some cases. If you have any of these problems, then you should inform your doctor.
- People who have a history of allergic reactions should not use this medicine. There are alternative medicines available.
- Stomach ulcer patients should not use it. There can be bleeding in this case.
- Patients having bleeding problems such as intestinal bleeding should tell the doctor.
- High blood pressure
- Kidney problems
- Liver diseases
- People with a recent history of allergy or asthma should avoid this medicine.
- Patients who have a high level of uric acid or arthritis should inform the doctor.
Children under the age of 16 years should not use this medicine. It can be a cause of Reye’s Syndrome which can even cause fatality.
The dosage of aspirin depends on the purpose type of disease. For different kinds of diseases, there can be different dosages. Use the medicine as prescribed by the doctor. Inform the doctor about every kind of previous allergies or present diseases that you have.
If you have missed the dose and the time of the next dose is near, then skip the dose. Overdosage of medicine can cause severe problems. Visit the doctor immediately in case of overdosage.
Symptoms for Overdosage
The symptoms of overdosage are,
- Vomiting or Nausea: There can be a feeling of vomiting. In case of vomiting, immediately seek a doctor’s help.
- Dizziness: Due to overdosage the patient may lose balance while walking, standing or even sitting.
- Confusions or Hallucinations: The overdose taker may feel confused and get into the state of hallucination.
- Temporary hearing problem: The patient may suffer from hearing problems.
If you have faced any of the above symptoms, then immediately visit the nearest medical center or call the help center.
Aspirin in Heart Attack and Stroke
Aspirin limits the clumping action of platelets. This refrains the platelets to overgrow a clot. In heart attack and stroke, the walls are blocked due to fatty substances or blood clots. Due to which the blood is unable to reach the heart or brain. Doctors prescribe this medicine to some of the patients of stroke and heart attack. This reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. The doctor may start the daily therapy of Aspirin to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
People who suffer from allergic reactions with this medicine are not eligible for daily therapy. Doctors prescribe this medicine to patients who have a certain kind of stroke that is due to clotting. It can be dangerous in the case of hemorrhagic stroke because in this stroke the blood vessels are ruptured, and clotting is necessary.
Side effects of Aspirin
Aspirin is for treating fever, inflammation, and pain. It can deal with headaches, body aches, and fever. But it can also have some side effects. The side effects of aspirin are,
Indigestion: You may feel heartburn or pain in your upper abdomen.
Nausea: Nausea refers to the feeling of vomit. You feel that you are about to vomit.
Vomiting: Sometimes you may vomit after eating.
Mild headache: You may feel a headache, but it is not severe.
Bleeding from the nose: Aspirin makes your blood thin and it reduces the clotting. Therefore, there can be bleeding from the nose.
Stomach problem (Upset Stomach): There can be vomiting and diarrhea in this case.
Drowsiness: You may feel lethargic or sleepy.
Fever: Fever, in this case, stays longer than three days.
Rapid breathing: Some people may have rapid breathing or problem in breathing.
Bloody Stools: There can be blood in stools or vomit.
Confusion and Hallucination: The medicine taker may feel confused or enter in the state of hallucination.
Aspirin is a common medicine that is used to treat pain, inflammation, and fever. It is commonly available in medical stores. This medicine is not suitable for the children under 16 years as it can cause Reye’s Syndrome which is very dangerous for life. Doctors often use it to reduce the risk of heart attack and a specific type of stroke (Ischemic Stroke). The dosage of the medicine depends according to the disease. In the case of overdosage, there are some severe symptoms as well. You should visit the doctor immediately if you notice any of the symptoms. Aspirin is not suitable for some people who have certain diseases or allergic reactions. Tell your doctor about your history. If you are using any other medicine, then it is better to inform the doctor because it can cause severe reactions with some medicines.
There are some side effects as well. We have listed them in this article. It is available as tablets, soluble tablets, gels, and suppositories. Never use this medicine without the prescription of a doctor.